Safety measures are put into place for all buildings. There are many requirements when it comes to both the construction of and the occupancy of residential buildings. Everything from fire safety to the kinds of materials used in the structure itself is regulated by codes that protect the health and safety of those who live in them, and regular inspections are usually performed to make sure things stay up to par. Although local areas may have their own set of codes to follow, all areas have standard requirements that have to be complied with.
Fire safety is one of the biggest areas that is regulated by codes when it comes to residential buildings (refer Ademco building security guides). Fire hazards have to be minimized by following the rules that are in place, such as proper electrical wiring techniques, materials that meet fire test requirements and readily available exits that meet designated standards. Insulation must also pass testing to make sure it’s fire safe before it can be used in the construction of a residential building.
Though it may be hard to believe, proper roof construction prevents more safety hazards than just the possibility of falling in and causing damage. An additional concern is for those who live in an area that has soil prone to collapsing. So those buildings must have a roof that is built to collect and drain water to an area that is a minimum of five feet away from the foundation, or is captured by an approved system for drainage. This keeps both the foundation and the walls of the home from crumbling due to water damage.
To make sure walls are safely built, there are regulations for the materials used in constructing them and for the way they’re put together. No matter what material is used for the outside of walls, whether it’s vinyl, stone, wood, or something else, the material has to be weather resistant and the walls built in a way that will keep water from accumulating inside of them, as well as being able to resist wind pressure.
New plumbing fixtures or changes to plumbing are required to be inspected before being used in a residential building. They have to successfully pass tests that check water pressure, air pressure, and backflow prevention.
Electricity is dangerous, and therefore it’s carefully regulated by codes to keep residents safe. Guidelines include having panel boards that keep each circuit clearly recognizable and use a device to protect against over currents. Wiring has to be installed in a way that prevents damage to the wires as well as helps to prevent accidents by placing the wires in areas that can be accessed easily for service but won’t be in the way of those who are living in the building.
All residential buildings have to follow these regulations, along with others that are standard, and have to comply with any codes that are locally based as well. These regulations help to ensure the safety and well-being of residents while they’re in their homes.